dept head office: 150-05; faculty office: 329; John T. Tate Hall
Distinguished McKnight University Professor
Head, Newton Horace Winchell School of Earth Sciences and Department of Earth Sciences
PhD, 1991, University of Washington
As a metamorphic geologist in the Structure, Tectonics, And Metamorphic Petrology (STAMP) research group, I am interested in using metamorphic rocks to reconstruct the chemical and physical processes that drove metamorphism in continental and oceanic crust and that eventually returned these rocks to the Earth’s surface. Ongoing collaboration with Christian Teyssier (UMN) and Patrice Rey (U Sydney) focuses on the dynamics of partially molten crust, including the trajectory of flow (vertical, lateral), magnitude of flow, driving mechanisms, and the thermal and mechanical consequences for continental evolution. I am also currently directing a large, multidisciplinary research project in Turkey (CD-CAT, Continental Dynamics-Central Anatolian Tectonics), to investigate the mantle-to-surface dynamics during the development of a tectonic escape system. I have also long been interested in metamorphic textures; for example, microstructures in garnet and the interaction of deformation and metamorphism in different tectonic settings, from the scale of mineral grains to mountain belts. Major field sites are in the North American Cordillera, Turkey, France, and Norway.
- Earth & its Environments
- Geology & Civilization (freshman seminar)
- Petrology (team-taught)
- Advanced Petrology (team-taught)
- Graduate seminars (including seminar for new graduate students)
Selected Recent Publications (* student author; # postdoc author)
*Nachlas, W.O., Teyssier, C., Whitney, D.L., and Hirth, G. (2018) Deformation geospeedometry in experimental and natural shear zones. Revised and resubmitted to Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 498, 129-139. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.06.025.
#Meijers, M.J.M., Brocard, G.Y., Cosca, M.A., Lüdecke, T., Teyssier, C., Whitney, D.L., and Mulch, A. (2018 Rapid late Miocene surface uplift of the Central Anatolian Plateau margin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 497, 29-41. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.05.040.
*Awalt, M.B., and Whitney, D.L. (2018) Petrogenesis of kyanite- and corundum-bearing mafic granulite in a meta-ophiolite, SE Anatolia. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 36 (12), 881-904. doi: 10.1111/jmg.12317
#Meijers, M., Peynircioğlu, A., Cosca, M.A., Brocard, G.Y., Whitney, D.L., Langereis, C., and Mulch, A. (2018) Climate stability in Central Anatolia during the Messinian Salinity Crisis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 498, 53-67. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2018.03.001.
*Korchinski, M., Rey, P.F., Mondy, L., Teyssier, C., and Whitney, D.L. (2018) Numerical investigation of deep-crust behavior under lithospheric extension. Tectonophysics, 726, 137-146. doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2017.12.029.
*Radwany, M., Whitney, D.L., Brocard, G., Umhoefer, P.J., and Teyssier, C. (2017) Ophiolite gabbro from source to sink: a record of tectonic and surface processes in Central Anatolia. Geosphere, 13 (5). doi:10.1130/GES01465.1.
Rey, P.F., Mondy, L., Duclaux, G., Teyssier, C., Whitney, D.L., Bocher, M., and Prigent, C. (2017) The origin of contractional structures in extensional gneiss domes. Geology, 45, 263-266, doi:10.1130/G38595.1; see also Rey et al. (2017) Comment/Reply, Geology, doi:10.1130/G39229Y.1
*Fornash, K.F., Cosca, M.A., and Whitney, D.L. (2016) Tracking the timing of subduction and exhumation using 40Ar/39Ar phengite ages in blueschist and eclogite facies rocks (Sivrihisar, Turkey). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 171 : 67, doi 10.1007/s00410-016-1268-2.
Miller, R.B., Gordon, S.M., Bowring, S., Doran, B., McLean, N., Michels, Z., Shea, E., and Whitney, D.L. (2016) Linking deep and shallow crustal processes in an exhumed continental arc, North Cascades, Washington. Geosphere, 2, 900-924. doi:10.1130/GES01262.1
Fréville, K., Cenki-Tok, B., Trap, P., Rabin, M., Leyreloup, A., Régnier, J.-L., and Whitney, D.L. (2016) Thermal interaction of middle and upper crust during gneiss dome formation: Example from the Montagne Noire (French Massif Central). Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 34, 447-462. doi: 10.1111/jmg.12188
#Meijers, M.J.M., *Strauss, B., *Özkaptan, M., Feinberg, J.M., Mulch, A., Whitney, D.L., and Kaymakçı, N. (2016) Age and paleoenvironmental reconstruction of partially remagnetized lacustrine sedimentary rocks (Oligocene Aktoprak basin, central Anatolia, Turkey). Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 17, 914-939. doi: 10.1002/2015GC006209.
Gordon, S.M., Whitney, D.L., Teyssier, C., Fossen, H., and Kylander-Clark, A. (2016) Geochronology and geochemistry of zircon from the northern Western Gneiss Region: Insights into the Caledonian tectonic history of western Norway. Lithos, 246-247, 134-148. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2015.11.036
Whitney, D.L., Roger, F., Teyssier, C., Rey, P.F. and J.-P. Respaut (2015) Syn-collapse eclogite metamorphism and exhumation of deep crust in a migmatite dome: the P-T-t record of the youngest Variscan eclogite (Montagne Noire, French Massif Central). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 430, 224-234. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.08.026.
Roger, F., Teyssier, C., Respaut, J-P., Rey, P.F., Jolivet, M., Whitney, D.L., Paquette, J-L., and Brunel, M. (2015) Emplacement of anatectic granite during Variscan extension and exhumation of the Montagne Noire double dome, French Massif Central, France. Tectonophysics, 640-641, 53-69. doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.12.002
*Renedo, R.N., *Nachlas, W.O., Whitney, D.L., Teyssier, C., Piazolo, S., Gordon, S.M., and Fossen, H. (2015). Fabric development during exhumation from ultrahigh-pressure in an eclogite-bearing shear zone, Western Gneiss Region, Norway. Journal of Structural Geology, 71, 58-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2014.09.012.
Recent Research Support
- 2018-2021, NSF-Petrology & Geochemistry: Record of UHP terrain exhumation preserved in shear zones of the Western Gneiss Region (Norway).
- 2012-2016, NSF-Continental Dynamics-Central Anatolian Tectonics (CD-CAT): Surface to mantle dynamics from collision to escape.
- 2011-2014, NSF-Tectonics: Colliding channels and double domes in metamorphic core complexes.
- 2010-2012, NSF-Petrology & Geochemistry, Continental subduction and deep crustal melting.
- 2009-2012, NSF-Tectonics, Titanium in deforming quartz and the thermo-mechanics of detachment and thrust systems.
- 2007-2011, NSF-Tectonics, Field-based analysis of subduction petrofabrics.
Selected Honors and Awards
- Distinguished McKnight University Professor, awarded 2010
- Fellow, Mineralogical Society of America, elected 2005
- Fellow, Geological Society of America, elected 2003
- Best Instructor Award, Geology & Geophysics, IT Student Board, 1998-99, 1999-2000, 2006-07
- University of Minnesota McKnight Land-Grant Professorship, 1998-2000
- Mineralogical Society of America Distinguished Lecturer, 1998-1999
- NSF CAREER Award, 1996-2001